Sandalwoods are medium-sized hemi parasitic trees, and part of the same botanical family as European mistletoe. Sandalwood is indigenous to the tropical belt of the peninsular India, Malay Archipelago and northern Australia. The main distribution is in the drier tropical regions of India and the Indonesian islands of Timor and Sumba. It spread to other regions through Incense trade route by the vast Indian and Arab mercantile networks and the Chinese maritime trade routes until the sixteenth century CE. The sandalwood of peninsular India and Malay Archipelago as the primary trading center of that time, supported most consumption of sandalwood in East Asia and West Asia during Incense trade route. Before the commercialization of sandalwood plantation (Santalum spicatum)
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